Dating stanley planes

Posted on by Beorveard

There are far too many of them out there to be considered salesman's samples or novelties as some people believe them to be. Also, the frog, and its mating to the bottom, only underwent one redesign during its production, which is far less than the redesigns the larger bench planes had done to them. The planes were designed to be general purpose and affordable, not to conquer any wood tossed their way. Dating stanley planes [PUNIQRANDLINE-(au-dating-names.txt)

Thanks for a great write up! Just too bad the throat is seriously dating stanley planes. I have a plane that is identical to my knuckle joint no 18 stanley, with exception of not having the eccentric throat adjustment lever.

It has no marking on the cap, except a B on the underside. The lat adj lever has, crossways, Dating stanley planes 3 97 on it… not sure about the three. What was their relationship with Rev o noc, and how long did it seem to last?

HSB was a department store of sorts, and sold all sorts of things using their Rev-O-Noc brand, including tools, rifles, dating stanley planes shotguns. Supposedly, HSB hired Conover to contract out their tools. Note Revonoc is Conover spelled backwards. To your question, Stanley and others made at least some of the Rev-O-Noc branded planes. Uh…gee…another question, if I may? Did Stanley ever use a knob with a ferrule on their block planes?

Received a for Christmas : Made in Canada, Stanley and No, in raised letters on birthday to a guy your toe, Patent around lever, S foundry mark.

Any ideas on the age? Like Liked by 1 person. Pingback: Stanley 65 type 1 restoration — TimeTestedTools. I bought a box of old tools today and have a block plane. Hooded with top lever patent Upon further inspection. Behind the frog is another patent Then on the front I think it is called eccentric adjustment.

Brass locking knob. There is a date stamp of Feb 20, How bout them apples? Different features have different patent dates. Not unusual to see multiple dates on the various parts of planes. Sounds like what you have is a dating stanley planes. On the casting just under the blade and rear of the screw left of center is a C. Straight across on the right side is what appears to be a 5. Japaned Lever cap and top of base. Brass front knob steel real knob. Seen one on ebay exactly like it with a SW logo on blade.

Is it possible it could be a SW and what year s was it produced. Snail like swirl. Any other features mentioned that close the range of time down. Reading through the site. Cool place. Thanks for the reply Bryant. Explain where the, etc. Thanks you. This page is the best resource I know for dating them.


I really appreciate the resources you provide on this site. Earlier block planes had the tensioning lever on the bottom of the rear of the cap, whereas later planes had the lever on the top center. These are far more common. I have an unmarked plane, identical to the No Would love to nail it down. Defining features: — no patent dates or marks. None on the bed, cap, levers, etc.

It would make sense if it was a copy, missing patent dates, etc. Could a later ww2 ish manufacturer have gone with an older design? Features not seen after that point. Assuming all the parts are correct, it sounds like yours was made in There should, however, be four dating stanley planes dates on the top of the lateral adjustment lever.

You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. The lighting makes some of the bench plane castings look like they're made of bronze or something, but they're really all cast iron. If you find errors or discrepancies, Patrick's Plane Type Study is the final authority. Disclaimers The type study is based on the 4 bench plane Hybrids of plane types are very common Flowchart pictures are intended to illustrate a particular plane feature at each point in the Flowchart.

Some plane features visible in the pictures may not be associated with your plane. For more information, read Patrick Leach's comments on Stanley plane dating. Perhaps I need to ask more 2 's if they mind if I check their bottoms?

I've seen some very crude appearing corrugations on many of the bench planes. Some of the planes date prior to Stanley's production of them. Whether the planes were corrugated the definition of someone an attempt to deceive collectors, or whether the planes were corrugated by the owner for his own use is impossible to tell.

I suspect the reason is true in both cases. Original corrugations run lengthwise to the sole and are perfectly parallel to each other, stop before the toe, the heel, and before and behind the mouth. The corrugations are about as deep as they are wide, have a crisp chat rooms no card to them, and terminate in a pointed fashion. The corrugations often become filled with workshop schmutz.

You can remove it by taking the pointed end of a common nail and scraping it out. I once was invited over to a woodworker's shop to look at some tools that he wanted to sell. The fellow didn't have much, just a few newer tools from that tool company in England that is still making pitiful copies of Stanley's bench planes. However, the fellow did have several original Stanleys with soles the likes of which I've never seen before or since.

Each sole had a series of 1" wide roughly cutouts, dados, if you will, that spanned the width of the sole spread along the length of the sole. In other words, the cutouts were dating stanley planes to the mouth! Amazed by what laid before my eyes, I asked the fellow what caused or what was the reason for this strange treatment. He told me that he had taken the planes to a local machinist and asked him to cut some corrugations into the soles since he had heard that corrugations help to make the plane perform better.

For the first time in my life, I was left speechless, and could only muster an "Oh, I see" as an answer. The planes have since left his shop, so you folks out in western Massachusetts be careful out there while tool sleuthing, dating stanley planes. If you ever see one, and unknowingly buy it, I suppose you could always flip it over dating stanley planes use it as a boot scraper, or something like that. A very common smoothing plane, which some prefer over the larger 4. As in all the metal bench planes, check that the bottom casting or bed isn't cracked anywhere - more often than not, the cracks appear on the arched sides or around dating stanley planes mouth.

The mouth proper is also prone to chipping. Now and then you might stumble across a bench plane that has some cosmetic surgery, where the entire forward of the mouth portion of the main casting was broken off and subsequently welded back onto the rest of the plane.

Run, don't walk, away from these examples, unless you're snarfing parts. Stay away from dating stanley planes planes that exhibit tool leprosy, pitting. A few minor pits on the sides isn't going to hurt the plane's use, but badly pitted examples are generally a lost cause.

Make sure the frog isn't broken - curiously, many of them have their frogs snapped off at their tops where the lateral adjustment lever is supposed to be the earliest models, pre, never had a lateral adjustment lever. I've also seen a frog that had the 'web' of cast iron between the two frog screws snapped off.

This is rare damage, but it just goes to show you that these planes can be damaged anywhere and it's just good where meet someone craigslist to examine them thoroughly before you buy.

Some planes are missing their lateral adjustment lever. It's attached to the top of the frog with a small, peened over pin. Through hard use, the pin can wear out, detaching the lever from the frog. If the hole is not present, the plane is an earlier model that dates prior to the introduction of the lateral lever which made its debut in the first lateral has a bent up edge that engages the cap iron, while the later style, first introduced inhas a circular disk to engage the dating stanley planes iron.

Don't retrofit your plane with a lever, if it never had one. Sell it to a collector, then take the proceeds and buy a model that is equipped with the lever.

Most of the models have rosewood for the knob and tote WWII years, and from the mid's on, had stained hardwood. In what has to be an error, the catalogue states that cocobolo was used for the totes and knobs on all the bench planes, except for the 11C2and 2C. I have never seen a Stanley bench plane with cocobolo used, and the mention of a fictitious 1C offers some proof that something may have been rotten in Dating stanley planes Britain.

A cracked tote isn't anything to get bothered over, provided it's tight and glueable. The 'horn' of the tote is often sheared off on many of the bench planes. When the tote is gripped, its horn should extend about an inch beyond web of skin between your thumb and forefinger. Many of the horns are repaired with nails, screws, glue, or scarfs. Look them over carefully. Totes are also prone to cracking near their bases, just above where they extend forward to meet the main casting.

The totes on these larger planes sit over a raised tote receiver into which the screw and threaded rod are screwed. This is as good a place as any to mention that Stanley loved to use non-standard threads, and it's nowhere more apparant than the hardware used to attach the wood to the main casting. There are reproduction totes out there, and some of them are quite good.

A reproduction tote isn't so much a concern on a common plane that's to be used, but it is a concern on the collectible examples of the series, like the 12and 2C. During the dating stanley planes, Stanley applied a brightly colored decal on the left side of the totes on many of their planes.

Generally, the presence of this decal increases the value of the tool as it's indicative of the tool's condition since the decals wore off rather quickly and easily from use. Some of the reproduction totes are available with decals, which themselves are reproductions. You should be very careful when buying a collectible plane that has dating stanley planes decal on the tote unless you're sure you can recognize the reproduction.

The background of the original decal is an aquamarine color whereas the reproduction's background color is a darker blue green. Plus, the reproduction decal has a 'thicker', almost silk screened, appearance to it. Sometimes, you'll find a plane with a hard rubber tote with "B of E" embossed on each side.


These were sold by Stanley to school systems as replacement totes for the poor planes that suffered the onslaught of destruction as wrought by the punks of yesteryear. These replacement totes were offered during the 's's, when they were replaced with aluminum totes during the early 's. The knob can suffer chipping or cracking about its base. This is most commonly found on the earlier planes, with their squatty, mushroom-shaped knobs. The damage is caused during the plane's use, when the plane is pushed at the dating stanley planes the knob leans forward, putting stress at its leading portion, making it split.

Many folks found the low knobs difficult to grip, especially on the shorter planes. A taller knob, called the "high knob" in the tool collecting circus, was offered starting ca.

This knob, being taller than the low knob and thus having the force on it applied higher up from its base, suffered the same chipping at its base, but only more so than the low knob.

Good idea, Stanley, but you didn't quite get it right. Some 10 years later, the solution to knob chipping was discovered - a raised ring was cast into the bottom casting to receive the knob. This dating stanley planes really did work, and knob chipping became but a distant memory.

If you're into originality, there is a minor, but important, detail about the high knobs - the later high knob is turned so that its base tapers slightly to fit into the raised dating stanley planes, while the first high knob is turned so that its base doesn't diminish where it seats onto the main casting. The degree of the sole's flatness is a personal preference frankly, I think the current notion of perfect flatness on a bench plane is simply hypebut definitely stay away from those that are badly twisted along their length.

You may need to file nicks out of the plane's sole, if they project - these are ricegum and sommer dating leave scratches on the wood, which defeats the plane's purpose. The bottom casting not the sole proper, but its leading and trailing edges should be slightly convex at its toe and heel. I've seen some planes, especially jack planes, dating stanley planes, that have had their toe and heel ground off so that they are squared across the width of the plane.

You'll also stumble across many bench planes that have a hole drilled through their bottom castings.

Vintage Stanley Planes: Is older really better?

This was done so that the plane could be hung from a hook when not in use. This 'feature' does nothing to the plane's use, but it does kill it as a collectible, especially on the scarcer planes. Similar holes can be found along the sides of the planes so that they could accept one of the many fences ones that can be adjusted to bevel an edge that were offered over the years.

The Stanley bench planes are equipped with irons that are very thin when dating stanley planes with the thick irons used on the older wooden planes. Dating stanley planes Bailey was the first to use these thin irons prior to Stanley purchasing his patents. Stanley made it a point to mention the iron's thinness in their marketing propaganda by claiming that: 1 They are bumble app blog to grind; 2 They require less grinding "as a thin cutter can be kept in condition by honing"; 3 There is "less tendency to 'stub off' the cutting edge when honing, hence the original bevel is kept much longer"; and 4 It "seats firmer on the frog.

While these irons are high quality, dating stanley planes, they are also often too thick for the plane to accept them without having to file the mouth wider, and that's something you should think long and hard about as it's a modification that can potentially affect the value of the tool in the long term. Make sure there is enough meat on the iron and if it is pitted, your best bet is to toss it.

You'll probably find some amount of corrosion on the face of the iron where the cap iron makes contact. This corrosion is often black in color and can be lapped out quickly. The corrosion occurs from the plane sitting idle where moisture is trapped between the two irons. Inspect the iron, even on its backside, for any cracks. The Stanley irons do crack due to their thinness, but it is not a common occurrence. I've also seen an iron de-laminate; look them over around the bevel for this flaw Stanley did equip their bench planes with laminated irons up to about WWII - click here to see the company's propaganda for laminated irons.

Make sure the cap iron fits tightly against the iron; you'll have to re-grind it if it doesn't. Strangely, you'll stumble across irons and cap irons that have mushroomed ends, like the kind you the definition of dating someone invariably on wooden planes.

Stanley planes that show this 'handiwork' must have belonged to transitional woodworkers, where the line between master carpenter and ham-fisted hack was but a mere hammer away. Why anyone would smack the heel of the iron on this kind of plane dating stanley planes lost on me.

If your plane has this feature, a file will make short order of it. Rarely, and I do mean rarely, you might find an bench plane with a strange iron in it. It looks as if someone screwed a razor blade onto the cutting edge of the normal iron. If you see this, sell the iron to a collector, and find yourself a replacement.

What you have is another one of Stanley's boneheaded ideas - "Ready Edge Blades. Whenever the plane's cutter dulled, he could pull out a new one and screw it onto the holder.

A few chips on the lever cap along its edge of contact with the cap iron are nothing dating stanley planes fear. These chips are from a previous owner using the flat end of the lever cap as a screwdriver to loosen the cap iron screw prior to the dating stanley planes of the iron. This flaw lessens the value of a plane to a collector, but does nothing to hinder the plane's use provided the chips are not severe enough to prevent sufficient clamping pressure on the iron.

The lever cap underwent a subtle design change in the hole through which the lever cap screw passes. The first hole is symetrical and shaped like a key hole. During the early 's, the hole was redesigned and patented so that is has a kidney shape design. This change was done to address the supposed problem with the lever cap backing upward, off the lever cap screw, as the iron was drawn back while turning the adjusting screw. The planes had been made some 70 years, and used successfully for that same time, without the kidney-shaped hole so it seems that Stanley made the design change as a gimmick to differentiate themselves from the rest of the pack.

Look for stress cracks or outright chips about the lever cap's screw hole. This flaw can diminish the plane's utility since the lever cap is apt to loosen during use. It's best to pass examples with this problem, unless you can salvage it for parts. Test the brass depth adjustment nut to see if it turns freely - a lot of times these are seized. If the knurling on the nut appears stripped or the nut is mis-shaped not a circleit's a good indication that someone took drastic measures, like the use of vise-grips, to free it.

Chips in the bottom casting are sometimes found where the sides meet the toe or heel of the plane. These, too, have no harmful affect on the use of the plane, but they do lessen its value to a collector.

Block Plane Dating

Also, these chips are rather jagged so you may want to file them smooth lest they rip your hands to shreads during use. Check the depth adjustment fork, which is held captive in the frog.

It resembles a wishbone, with each side terminating with a round shape to the casting. Each side engages the circular groove in the brass depth adjustment nut. Sometimes, one of the sides of the fork breaks off, making the fork bind when it's adjusted. These forks are cast iron, but starting around the early's they became a cheesy two-piece steel construction, dating stanley planes. You might think it strange that the cast iron fork can break, but break they do, usually as a result of too little pressure from the lever cap on the iron, which then results in the iron being thrust backward during planing, putting an extreme amount of force directly on the fork, ultimately snapping it.

Stanley, in their instructions for using the planes, specifically addresses just how tight the lever caps should be - "If the Dating stanley planes [of the lever cap] will not snap in place easily, slightly loosen the Lever Cap Screw.

Some modern day tool authors, sure in their scholarly advice, recommend taking a pair of pliers and squeezing the 'tines' of the adjusting fork toward each other to take out some of the slop in the mechanism. You'll dating stanley planes the thing as sure as that plaid shirt and toolbelt wearing guy will use a bisquick joinah. If the fork is broken, you can pilfer one from a dogmeat bench plane by knocking out the pin that allows the fork to pivot.

The pin normally pops out when driven from left to right as viewed from the rear of the frog. There were many modifications made to the bench planes over their production. These are outlined in the type study, but the major design change, that of the frog and the way it seats on the bottom casting, is mentioned here in greater detail.

There are four major frog and corresponding receiver of the main casting designs found on the Bailey bench planes. Sure, there were some experiments gone awry and a few minor modifications, but the descriptions of the four that follow are those that dating stanley planes in the longest production.

The first design resembles the letter "H" when viewed from the front or rear of the plane. The frog is machined to sit on the sides, or rails, of this machined area of the main casting. The frog is screwed to the cross 'beam' that spans the rails. This design was the one Leonard Bailey finally settled upon prior to Stanley purchasing his patents. Stanley continued this solid design for just a few years until ca. The second major design dispensed dating stanley planes the experimental frog ca.

This design is simply a broad and flat rectangular area that is machined on the bottom casting. This machined area is rather low, and has two holes that receive the screws which are used to secure the frog in place. Likewise, the bottom of the frog is machined flat to fit onto the bottom casting.

This method of securing the frog was sound and it dating stanley planes well, but the amount of machining, after the parts dating stanley planes cast, certainly made production more costly and slow, and they eventually cast two grooves into the main casting's frog receiver ca.

Still, this construction was too costly. Thus, Stanley needed to modify the design if they were to become "The Toolbox of the World. The third design made its debut inand was again patented by Stanley. This re-design of the frog likely was an attempt of Stanley's to keep the competition at bay, since their original design's patents had expired just 5 the single ladies symbols earlier.

Under the new design, the frog receiver on the bottom casting is made up of a cross rib, a center rib, and two large screw bosses that flank each side of the center rib.

The leading edge of the frog itself has a support directly behind the mouth to offer a solid base as a measure to reduce chattering.

My Hand Plane Collection. The years Stanley made them and the reason for the types

The rear of the frog rests on the cross rib, across its full width. The frog has a groove that is centered across its width and is perpendicular to its front edge.

This groove sits atop the center rib and is used to align the frog, keeping it square with the mouth.

Dating stanley planes [PUNIQRANDLINE-(au-dating-names.txt)